Solubility curves or solubility graphs typically look like the one shown below. This shows the solubility of many different ionic compounds. This solubility graph has a lot of information on it. Let’s walk through this graph to understand it better. Use your notes to answer the following questions:

1. What is the label of the x-axis? Interactive popup. Assistance may be required.

2. What is the label of the y-axis? Interactive popup. Assistance may be required.

Grams of solute per 100 grams H2O 3. If the graph displayed the amount of H2O per 200 grams instead of 100 grams, how would the amount of solute to be dissolved change? (See hint below.) Interactive popup. Assistance may be required.

The amount of solute would double if the amount of solvent doubled. 4. Describe the general trend in solubility of the salts shown on this graph. Interactive popup. Assistance may be required.

Seven of the nine salts shown on the graph increase in solubility as the temperature increases. NH3 and Ce2(So4)3 are exceptions because the solubility of these two salts decrease as temperature increases. NaCl is also an exception because it is almost a flat line, meaning the solubility changes very little as the temperature changes. 5. NH3 is the exception to this trend. NH3 is gaseous ammonia. Why do you think it has the opposite trend of the other compounds? Interactive popup. Assistance may be required.

Gas solubility decreases as temperature increases. Now let’s take a closer look at how to read a solubility curve. Source: Solubility curve, Pennsylvania Dept of Education

Trace the solubility of a substance with increasing temperature.

• The curved line represents saturation.
• Below the curve, the solution is unsaturated.
• Above the curve the solution is supersaturated. This means there is more solute than the solution can hold.

The solution can be classified as the following:

• Saturated if crystals remain at the bottom of the container
• Supersaturated if no crystals remain at the bottom of the container