Reviewing Sentence Purposes and Structures

Image of red circular sign that says “All Purpose”

Source: All Purpose, mag3737, Flickr

This activity has two parts: Part A is a review of what sentences do, and Part B is a review of how sentences are constructed. Both will help you prepare for the activities that follow.

There are four different types of sentences, and writers often use each type for different effects. In the following exercise, choose the type of  sentence that it best matches.

Sitting photo portrait of Robert Leroy Parker (a.k.a. Butch Cassidy).

Source: Jules Renard, Wikimedia Commons



Words are the coins making up the currency of sentences, and there are always too many small coins.

—Jules Renard, French novelist and playwright


Sentences can have different functions, but they can also have different sentence structures. The complexity of  a sentence can have a huge effect on the feel of an author's words—are the author’s sentences short and easy to digest? Slow and thoughtful?

Types of sentence structures


Image of dome like building structure

Source: Amazonica Dome Blijdorp Rotterdam, Gert-Jan de Jong, Wikimedia

Read more about these four kinds of sentence structures:

The following sentences come from Louis L’Amour’s Education of a Wandering Man. Which quote best matches each sentence structure?